Here are a few scenarios: As long as you are typing on a computer, a single space is generally preferred.
And a few uppercase abbreviations, including academic degrees, retain periods. Juris DoctorD. Because the whole sentence is inside parentheses, the period goes with it.
Instead, there are three ways to allow the two approaches to work in parallel. Commas could have been used in the first example; a colon could have been used in the second example.
Parentheses cannot enclose part of one sentence plus an additional whole sentence. But to use these two punctuation marks effectively in combination takes a little more finesse. Proper placement of the period with parentheses If a sentence Period before or after paranthesis with a parenthetical that is only part of a larger sentence, the period is placed outside the closing parenthesis.
Note the question mark within the parentheses. If you follow one punctuation principle, then you violate the other; if you follow both principles as shown aboveyou wind up with three periods for only two sentences—also an unworkable result. Some authorities, including The Chicago Manual of Style, favor omitting the periods in the previous examples.
If material in parentheses ends a sentence, the period goes after the parentheses. It is inexcusable to write, for example, J.
If this seems awkward, try rewriting the sentence: When part of a sentence falls inside parentheses and part falls outside, the period goes outside. The period is a strong punctuation mark—think of it as controlling the action in the sentence, which occurs outside the parentheses.
An indirect question ends with a period, not a question mark. She wrote, "I would rather die then [sic] be seen wearing the same outfit as my sister. Students completed several psychology courses social, personality, and clinical. It also happened to be the ugliest.
One or two spaces at the end of a sentence? The question is, Does anyone support this legislation? The question was whether anyone supported the legislation. Brackets Brackets are far less common than parentheses, and they are only used in special cases.
If the parenthetical is itself an entire sentence, the period is placed inside the closing parenthesis. Joe and his trusty mutt was always welcome.
These two approaches are incompatible. Please read the analysis. Periods go inside parentheses only if an entire sentence is inside the parentheses. Note, however, that many scientific and technical abbreviations are formed without periods, even when they are lowercase or mixed-case.
Commas are more likely to follow parentheses than precede them. Again, the period is strong and governs the main part of the sentence. Their house was the largest one on the block. Several other courses were offered, but they were not as popular.
Rewrite the parenthetical so that it consists of one sentence rather than two: When he got home it was already dark outsidehe fixed dinner. He finally answered after taking five minutes to think that he did not understand the question.
The current style is to use periods with most lowercase and mixed-case abbreviations examples: When quoting something that has a spelling or grammar mistake or presents material in a confusing way, insert the term sic in italics and enclose it in nonitalic unless the surrounding text is italic brackets.
In the era of typewriters, it was common practice to insert two spaces at the end of every sentence. The use of parentheses indicates that the writer considered the information less important—almost an afterthought.
Joe accompanied by his trusty mutt was always welcome.Where should the period go when using parentheses? For example: In sentence one, I use this example (which has a parenthesis at the end.) Should the period be inside, or outside of the parenthe.
The period is a strong punctuation mark—think of it as controlling the action in the sentence, which occurs outside the parentheses.
2. When a whole sentence falls inside parentheses, the period goes inside. Place a period outside a closing parenthesis if the material inside is not a sentence (such as this fragment). (An independent parenthetical sentence such as this one takes a period before the closing parenthesis.) For information about usage of parentheses.
If the parenthetical is itself an entire sentence, the period is placed inside the closing parenthesis. Their house was the largest one on the. Dec 15, · This Site Might Help You. RE: Do period marks come after parenthesis or before? In a sentence like this, does the period mark come before or after parenthesis?Status: Resolved.
Parentheses and Brackets The period after the parentheses is necessary to bring the entire sentence to a close. Rule 3. Parentheses, despite appearances, are not part of the subject. Example: Joe (and his trusty mutt) was always welcome.
If this seems awkward, try rewriting the sentence.Download